Size MattersSize should be one of your first considerations. This doesn’t just go for the pendants, but for the island itself. Consider the size of the island you are trying to light before settling on fixtures. Once you have a measurement, consider how many pendants you’d ideally like to include.
Spacing OutSo you’ve taken the size of the island into account, now consider the ideal pendant spacing. Take your measurements from the centre of each fixture. A general rule of thumb is to keep around 30inches (76cm) between each pendant.
How High?One of the final things to consider is the height of your pendants. Generally, you should look to keep pendants between 80-90cm above the island surface.
This is particularly pertinent if you’re using a solid shade to focus light on the island surface. Keeping this height avoids glare and maximises task lighting lux. If you wanted to create a more general output, you can always raise the pendants slightly to maximise the spread of light. This is particularly effective with bare bulb pendants or transparent shades. The above is a general guide to pendant lights for kitchen islands. To avoid becoming a kitchen island castaway, consider the main points above and apply them to your own space.